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ondo woman domestic violence Louise Eni Umukoro, Charles Eni Umukoro

Blessing Enenaite, a poet and activist, explores the subject of domestic violence and abuse, a disturbing trend in Nigerian households.

Chukwuma was only two years old when he watched his parents in a brawl. And it became a norm which he could not control. During this period, Chukwuma would stare ridiculously whenever his parents fought. At times, Chukwuma will be in between his parents trying to separate them. But his attempt was always insignificant. On a regular basis, Chukwuma’s parents would engage in a free-for-all until neighbours separated them. It became a sort of free entertainment for our neighbourhood as most persons watched without separating the couple. Inasmuch as I was still young then, I assumed that what the couple did was not right.

“At least they should go into their room to fight na” Little me would say back then. Not as if fighting indoors was better, but I assumed it was less shameful. Little me!

Chukwuma’s father did not stop his habit of hitting his wife at every slightest provocation. And Chukwuma’s mother in turn dished out words which were characterized by crass vituperations. It became worse when Chukwuma’s mother was pregnant with her second child. She still received constant beatings to the glaring of onlookers. Chukwuma’s father blamed his wife’s sharp tongue for his actions. When it seemed that Chukwuma’s mother could not bear it again, she reported her husband’s constant assault to her brothers. The situation demanded a family meeting which saw that Chukwuma’s father was called to order. After the meeting, things changed for the better. Life became peaceful for the couple. Chukwuma later had a sister when his mother delivered Amarachi, her second child.

The story above is an explicit example of a woman who was a victim of domestic violence. She suffered for a certain period till she could not endure it anymore. With the intervention of her siblings, peace was restored in her home. Chukwuma’s mother might have survived her case of domestic violence but some have not been too lucky; for they could not stay alive to tell the story.

I have heard of countless cases of domestic violence and I am perplexed by its continuous re-occurrence. Most times, it happens that the suspect would not be thought of to have such tendencies to commit the act. And still, we would go on and on to condemn one more act too many.

It is pertinent to note that women are not the only victims of domestic violence. Despite that, we cannot rule out the fact that women, most times, are at the receiving end. Having said that, what could be the reason for domestic violence? Can we ascribe it to jealousy? Adultery? Bad temper? Upbringing? Low self esteem? Intolerance? Or perhaps incompetency? I think the answer hovers around all these points mentioned in question mark.

A bad temper is usually blamed for an act of domestic violence. Jealousy can drive an individual to a point that he exhibits characters that will be flawed. Adultery can also be a major cause of domestic violence. In addition, low self esteem cannot be ruled out. Stating these facts does not justify the act itself. What about the upbringing of an individual? Cases as that of Chukwuma who grew up watching his parents who were supposed to be his models, exchange words and throw punches, obviously saw it as a normal thing. Until he grows up and unlearn what he has learnt as a child, that memory would serve as a yardstick for his attitudes in life.

I may not be elaborate enough as I try to explain what causes domestic violence. There are so many reasons and its effect in a home actually varies. It can lead to a broken home, children being affected psychologically and low self esteem taking residence in the affected individual.

Blessing Enenaite
Blessing Enenaite

Domestic violence should not be encouraged in any way. No excuse should be given for it. Evidently, it has led to the death of many. The sad case of Ronke Bewaji Shonde is one too many.

So many persons are suffering in silence. While some women are still suffering in silence, most women are now speaking up. It is not African that a man should beat his wife. It does not show his manliness or his sense of worth and authority in his home. Instead, it reduces him into a coward who cannot handle issues without resorting to using his physical strength against a woman. I dare say that some of those men who engage in this ugly act cannot even stand their fellow men in a free-for-all

Domestic violence is a plague that is becoming too rampant in our society. Some things can be controlled and one of them is domestic violence. No matter what your upbringing may be, or the wrong your partner might have done to you, domestic violence can never be the way out. You are causing physical havoc which leads to a greater havoc in your victim’s health, emotional and psychological state. Whatever reasons that makes it to be committed will also spring forth negatively in many diverse ways. Domestic violence does not solve problems. Hence, let it be eschewed before it does more damage to our society.

Prevention entails supporting the implementation of the agreed conclusions of the 57th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) that placed a strong focus on prevention through the promotion of gender equality, women’s empowerment and their enjoyment of human rights.

Blessing Enenaite is a business administration graduate from Delta State University, Abraka. She is a writer who strives on creativity. The recipient of BN Blog’s Young Poet Of The Year Award 2016, Blessing is determined to scale heights in her quest to become a great writer. You can reach her by email HERE.

The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author.

Uncle Ted Mukoro
Uncle Ted Mukoro

Theodore Austin Mukoro, aka Uncle Ted, passed on quietly in the morning of March 7, 2018, at age of 89. A great loss for our country and our creative industry. Uncle Ted was a veteran star actor and film producer. He was a writer and a voice-over artist. He was also a composer of music. He was a radio OAP back when you had to be seriously schooled in the spoken word to be on the air. He went on to play the original “Village Headmaster” in the NTA drama series I grew up watching every Thursday night at 8 p.m. in the late 70s.

Luckily for me I would personally encounter him years later when I worked in the Creative department of Lintas Advertising in Ikoyi. Uncle Ted was the creative director. More than that, he was the heart and soul of the agency. Lintas was packed full of larger-than-life characters who have gone on to be leaders in various spheres of life in Nigeria. From Chris Doghudje, to Eskor Mfon, Dele Adetiba, Ron Mgbatogu, Yori Folarin, Stevie Laoye, Tony Ogunlana, Sir Steve Omojafor, Lolu Akinwunmi and many others. But Ted Mukoro was the ‘mood’ of everyday agency life. His creativity was spontaneous, sustained, spirited and fun. He connected the brand message to the consumer by mining the cultural reserves of the Nigerian mind deeply. The classic commercials he wrote are unforgettable and effective – “Weke weke weke VONO”, “Black thing good oooo” for Guinness, “Shine shine Bobo” for Star lager beer and many others. He was a quintessential advertising man and loved building brands.

But Uncle Ted was also a wonderful caring father. When I joined Lintas in 1987, his office was right next to Chairman Sylvester Moemeke’s, up on the top floor of 202 Awolowo Road, Ikoyi complex. We, the small boys who just began our careers, were kept somewhere on the lower floors and very much down the food chain. But I can’t recall a single week in which Uncle Ted did not wander into our office to tell his Warri anecdotes, make us all laugh deliriously and teach us something useful about the process of creativity. Uncle Ted never just entered a room, he blew into it. And whenever he left, there was always more laughter than before he came.

But he also never missed morning mass at his church in Maryland, Ikeja. He was up to speed in every tenet of the Catholic faith and was almost ordained a priest! I almost got whiplashed the day he let us young ones into his past calling in the seminary.

That alone captures my memory of him.

Of course, as with most creative people, Uncle Ted was a bagful of contradictions. He chain-smoked and drank hard liquor to some inhuman degree. His coffee was drank cold. He loved a lewd joke and his laughter would ring through the building out into the quiet streets of Falomo, Ikoyi. But he also never missed morning mass at his church in Maryland, Ikeja. He was up to speed in every tenet of the Catholic faith and was almost ordained a priest! I almost got whiplashed the day he let us young ones into his past calling in the seminary.

In the succeeding couple of decades since I left Lintas, Uncle Ted has remained a presence. Sometimes he would call out of the blues just to chat. Sometimes I would meet him at an event and his memory of times and events and names just never waned. He would ask about so many of my previous colleagues, such that I would be forced to follow-up to check on their welfare. Ted Mukoro was a force for good with my generation of creatives who passed through his tutelage. He showed us by example that it was possible to be creative, intelligent, widely-read and widely-connected, and still be human, humble and heart-warming.

May his beautiful soul rest in peace!

Femi Odugbemi is an award-winning filmmaker, TV Producer, Writer and a respected voice in Nigeria’s art and culture. His critically-acclaimed film ‘Bariga Boy’ won Best documentary at the 2010 Africa Movie Academy Awards(AMAA). He has also received the 2010 AfroPop Prize sponsored by the National Black Programming Consortium in the United States. He is a Past-President of the Independent Television Producers Association of Nigeria ITPAN (2002-2006). He has been a juror for the Emmy Awards, in New York, The African International Film Festival, and recently Head Judge for the Afrinolly Short film Competition and the prestigious Africa Magic Viewers Choice Awards. He is Co-Founder and Director of iRepresent International Documentary Film Festival, Lagos and the CEO of DVWORX Studios, Lagos. He is the first Elite Voice on The Trent.

The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author.

Plateau, Students protest , college of education

Famous Giobaro, a journalist with Bayelsa Radio Corporation, Glory FM 97.1 Yenagoa, popularly known as the ‘Famous Man’ on Radio has been murdered in his home in the state’s capital.

The shocking crime was perpetrated by gunmen who stormed Giobaro’s apartment on INEC Road, Kpasia in Yenagoa, the Bayelsa state capital.

According to reports, the suspected armed robbers stormed his apartment at about 5 a.m on Sunday, April 16, 2017, where they met stiff resistance from the late journalist who barricaded the door as they tried to forcefully gain entrance into his house.

The gunmen later shot through the door which hit him in the stomach .

The gunmen still went ahead with their operation after gaining entry open his house and shot him several times before they left the area.

Asinim Butswat, the spokesperson of Bayelsa State Police Command, confirmed the incident to journalists, but said he was still be updated with “the details”.

The Nigeria Union of Journalists, Bayelsa State Council have received the news with shock while calling on the Nigerian police to investigate the incident and bring the perpetrators of this dastardly act to book.

Until his death, Famous Giobaro was a desk editor in the Bayelsa State owned radio station.

In February 2017, John Idumange, the general manager of Bayelsa ‘Glory FM’ station admitted to the News Agency of Nigeria that he “flogged four union leaders of the station in self-defence” after the workers went on a strike to protest poor work conditions.

Giobaro is one in a long list of journalists who have been killed around the world. Gunmen invaded a radio station and murdered two journalists while they were on Facebook live in Dominican Republic.

ALSO READ: A Tale Of Resilience: Journalists Working Under The Reign Boko Haram

Stylish Dress IDeas Church The Trent

Nowadays a lot of people often ask one question: how to dress for church attendance?

Some people can’t understand why they must wear some special clothes when they’re going to visit a church and why they can’t go there in their common comfortable for them outfits?

Maybe someone says that it doesn’t matter how you dress going to the church and this is a thing of the past! Don’t listen to such person and don’t trust that it doesn’t matter! It matters… It really matters for you especially because your outfit can say a lot about you, about your attitude to faith and about the purity of your heart`s intent.

Today there are many variations of modest church outfits that will help you to express your respect for the church and religion, but also will help you to look modern and trendy.

Here are some clever ideas of proper church outfits for women.

Midi skirts with a sweater, shirt or blouse

Ladies, when you’re going to the church look at your wardrobe one more time and you’ll certainly find a midi skirt or maybe several midi skirts there.

Any midi skirt is a nice choice for the church attendance, but pay attention to its color. Don’t forget that you should choose the clothes of the modest colors for church (don`t wear any bright or too colorful clothes).

A sweater or a blouse of the mild colors without plunging necklines and with long sleeves half-or ¾-length sleeves fit perfectly for such purpose.

Click on any image to enlarge

Humble maxi skirts with a shirt, jacket or sweater

Maxi skirts fit ideally for the church visit. But be careful! You shouldn’t wear a slit maxi skirt and avoid bright skirts. Be more moderate, prudent and temperate when choosing a suitable outfit for the church. One color skirt will fit the mild sweater or shirt. If you`d want to wear a T-shirt, it`s also possible just hide your shoulders with the help of the jacket or cardigan.

Click on any image to enlarge

Long, ¾-length, short sleeve midi and maxi dresses

The dress is a common uniform for women in the church. There are three basic conditions for them: sleeves must be short, long or ¾-length, such dress shouldn`t have the neckline and the length of the dress should be right or below the knees. Before going to the church be sure that your dress is not too short and not too tight!

Click on any image to enlarge


Appropriate shoes for church

If you`re going to the church forget about trainers, aka heels and “prosti shoes”. In this case wear low-heeled shoes (your heels must be lower that 3 inches), ballet flats or any flat shoes.

You see that it’s not so difficult to choose the right clothes and shoes for a church visit. You have to have the will to choose the appropriate outfit for church.  

Click on any image to enlarge

strength training
© Royalty-Free/Corbis

To run faster you need not only to run and develop your legs on the regular basis but also you must train the whole body. A runner needs not only strong legs, but he or she needs balanced neuromuscular efficiency, good bones and tendons and harmonious metabolic rate. Strength training builds the muscles, gives further stamina and protects you from injuries as less likely that you’ll twist your ankle if it enhances with some extra exercises. That`s why running goes hand-in-hand with strength training if you have serious purposes in the life and want to be successful.

To get the desired results runners must remember about 7 golden rules of strength training.

Keep Your Priorities in Order

The training programs for runners differ from the programs of common gym rats. Runners should concentrate their attention on targeting the main muscles that will keep them balanced. During every strength workout, you must train your shoulders, lower, middle and upper back, glutes, biceps,  triceps, quads and hamstrings.

dumb bells work out
Photo Credit: Shutterstock
Run Fast – Move the Weights Also Fast

Don’t sleep in the gym. You attend it to get the results! So go for it quickly and effectively. In the gym, speed influences the fast-twitch muscle fibers that runners so often ignore and helps to build sturdy and powerful muscles. Besides a good speed is the key to a good workout.

fitness exercise workout gym running shoes

Start Your Training with Warm-Up – Finish Your Training with Cardio Machine and Stretching

Before the workout, every sportsman must warm up the muscles, prepare them for the strength training. In any case, don’t start the training without the warm-up it can lead to injuries.

Finish the training on the cardio machine to cool down and then stretching helps you to bring your heart rate down.

fitness work out press ups
Fitness and workout routines for beginners | Shutterstock
Sit-Ups, Doing Push-Ups, and Press Weight Under The Head

The best exercises for runners are the exercises with their own body weight. Such exercises usually tend to develop the main and the most important groups of muscles and if you increase your training time and weights you`ll get a great result in two or three weeks.

Have No More than Four Strength Workouts per Week

Strength training is very important for runners, but the important thing is not to overdo! Weightlifting training has a systemic effect that influences the whole body not only the muscles. Thus, if you overdo with the intense workouts it can negatively affect your nervous, immune and hormonal systems.  

foot massage

Make 30 Minutes of Relaxation After Training

And yet runners don`t forget of such important thing  before your every workout as foot massage which takes you out of the tightness that comes up with the day-to-day training and relaxes you after the exhaustive exercises.

Even if you have the right crossFit shoes, your legs while running are always under the pressure. Foot massage can help to decrease blood pressure, decrease cortisol level (the hormone of stress), enhance the immune system, reduce pain and improve concentration.

Go to a professional who would identify the pressure points and give them the necessary attention to relax your muscles. 

(c) Shutterstock
Weight Lifting Constantly but Stop Strength Training During Racing Season

Constancy is the key to success! Attend the gym regularly! Work out hard in the gym! But there is only one reason why you can miss your workouts – the beginning of the racing season. In this case, it’s more important to focus yourself on the victory and not on your strength training.

Strength training for runners is as important as running workout. If you`re a runner it doesn’t mean that you must have only strong legs! If you really have the aim and this aim is to be the champion pay attention to these 7 rules!

Helen Rogers is an editor of The Cross Fit Shoes. She helps people get stronger. She shares running and sports questions, beauty tips. All her stories are result-oriented and make her readers become healthy, wealthy and wise.

Chimamanda Adichie, Award Winning Author
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Award Winning Author

Nigerian novelist, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie has been elected into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, along with  227 new members, the Academy announced on Wednesday, April 12, 2017.

In March, Chimamanda was also elected into the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the second Nigerian to be so honoured, after Professor Wole Soyinka. She will be inducted in May.

In the announcement by the Academy of Arts and Science, Chimamanda was listed among 40 Foreign Honorary Members from 19 countries elected by the Academy.

Other foreigners honoured  come from Australia, China, India, Japan, and Uganda.

Among them are  scientist Ruth Arnon; chemist Clare Grey;  vaccinologist Rino Rappuoli; former Health Minister for China Zhu Chen; archaeologist and expert on animal mummies Salima Ikram; Israeli novelist David Grossman; award-winning actor and activist Sir Ian McKellen; and president of the Foundation for Worldwide Cooperation and former prime minister of Italy Romano Prodi.

The new class will be inducted at a ceremony on October 7, 2017, in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Among the people elected are some of the world’s most accomplished scholars, scientists, writers, artists, as well as civic, business, and philanthropic leaders. They will all form the  237th class of the academy. Please see the full list here:  www.amacad.org/members.

Founded in 1780, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the country’s oldest learned societies and independent policy research centres, convening leaders from the academic, business, and government sectors to respond to the challenges facing—and opportunities available to—the nation and the world. Members contribute to Academy publications and studies in science, engineering, and technology policy; global security and international affairs; the humanities, arts, and education; and American institutions and the public good.

Members of the 2017 class include winners of the Pulitzer Prize and the Wolf Prize; MacArthur Fellows; Fields Medalists; Presidential Medal of Freedom and National Medal of Arts recipients; and Academy Award, Grammy Award, Emmy Award, and Tony Award winners.

“It is an honor to welcome this new class of exceptional women and men as part of our distinguished membership,” said Don Randel, Chair of the Academy’s Board of Directors. “Their talents and expertise will enrich the life of the Academy and strengthen our capacity to spread knowledge and understanding in service to the nation.”

“In a tradition reaching back to the earliest days of our nation, the honor of election to the American Academy is also a call to service,” said Academy President Jonathan F. Fanton. “Through our projects, publications, and events, the Academy provides members with opportunities to make common cause and produce the useful knowledge for which the Academy’s 1780 charter calls.”

Scientific leaders in the new class include: Fields Medalist Maryam Mirzakhani, who has done path-breaking work on the geometry of Teichmüller spaces and hyperbolic Riemann surfaces; astrophysicist Gabriela Gonzalez, an expert in the field of gravitation wave physics; engineer Ann Lee, who works on the development of anti-cancer therapeutics; computer scientist Daniela Rus, who built some of the first Web crawling agents that were able to search for structured data inside documents.

There are also mathematician and Fields Medalist Manjul Bhargava, a leader in number theory; structural biologist Jaime Cate, who transformed the understanding of protein synthesis; neurologist Helen Mayberg, who utilizes a multidisciplinary neural systems approach to study depression and recovery; immunologist James Allison, whose research is being used to develop new strategies for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and for immunotherapy of cancer; and evolutionary plant biologist Pamela Soltis.

Social scientists in the new class include: psychologist Michael Tomasello, a widely cited scholar of comparative studies of humans and great apes; economist Marc Melitz, who developed a new approach to the analysis of international trade; political scientist Janet Box-Steffensmeier, a scholar of American politics and methodology; attorney William Lee, a leading thinker and lawyer in the field of intellectual property; and cultural anthropologistCaroline Brettell, whose research focuses on international migration, specifically the issues of gender and personal narrative in the study of the migrant experience.

In the humanities and the arts, new members include: philosopher Jonathan Lear, known for his work on Aristotle’s logical theory; historian Naomi Oreskes, who studies scientific debate and climate change; award-winning actress Carol Burnett; linguist John Rickford, who examines the history and structure of creole languages; Lincoln Center artistic director and producer André Bishop; Pulitzer Prize–winning playwright Lynn Nottage, who writes about the lives of women of African descent; and John Guy, curator of South and Southeast Asian art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Leaders in philanthropy, business, public affairs, public policy, and journalism include: journalist Jane Mayer, staff writer for The New Yorker; Pulitzer Prize–winning multimedia journalist Mark Trahant; David Boren, president of the University of Oklahoma; Grammy and Academy Award–winning singer-songwriter and philanthropist John Legend; private equity and venture capitalist Gerald Chan; philanthropist and economist Marie-Josée Kravis; Boston Symphony Orchestra Managing Director Mark Volpe; and Cheryl Dorsey, president of Echoing Green.

Courts El-Rufai tolerance audu maikori journalist el rufai Nasir El Rufai, the governor of Kaduna State
FILE: Nasir El Rufai (middle) being led to his corruption trial by agents of the EFCC

T he Zaria pogrom of December 2015 is an incident that has permanently been recorded by history and the major actors and stakeholders already have their names written boldly in the black books of history. There is no way the genocide perpetrated by the Buhari regime on the Islamic Movement in Nigeria, IMN, members can ever be forgotten most especially as it has affected the IMN members as individuals directly or indirectly and generally as a group.

IMN member were mercilessly killed with some burned alive including the elder sister of Sheikh Ibraheem Zakzaky and his nephew while others were buried alive and women were molested by the Nigerian Army.

Three children of the IMN leader were brutally murdered by the Army while he was literally killed but he didn’t die. It was a very terrible incident that even the Nigerian Army had to officially operate as a coward in order not to allow itself be identified with that dirty job it did.

A lot of Nigerians wondered how the Army could descend so low and operate just like a terrorist organization and murder innocent unarmed civilians who pay tax to support them without any form of instigation whatsoever simply because their Commander-in-Chief is a Sunni Muslim and their victims are Shiah Muslims.
Being a proxy war they are fighting for their masters in America, Israel and Saudi Arabia, it was easy for them to initiate the Kaduna state Governor Nasir El-Rufai, an amateur politician looking for the slightest opportunities, into the project.

Governor El-Rufai in whose state the historic genocide took place decided to play a major role to please his masters. He took everything personal and was in an all-out war with the IMN. He even got himself initiated into the global Wahhabbi/Salafi club, the official Islam of CIA and founders of international terrorism. He even embraced the local Wahhabi dogs that blackmailed him during his campaign days by accusing him of being a Shiite by printing and spreading posters containing his picture when he visited Sheikh Zakzaky in Zaria after the 2014 genocide where he joined hands with them to fight a common enemy, The Shiites!.

During their attack on IMN, the Nigerian Army used Rocket Propelled Missiles, Armored Personnel Carriers (APC) and Automatic Machine Guns (AMG) on unarmed civilians made up of women, children and youth struggling to duck and hide with a lot of them trapped inside building roofs and soak away pits for days. Knowing fully well that they have committed crimes against humanity they decided to also kill all possible evidences.

Governor El-Rufai employed state machinery to help demolish the physical evidences of the army terror on IMN property and pretended nothing happened. He ordered the demolition of the residence of the leader of the IMN as well as the Husainiyya Islamic Center where even the rubbles was packed away to unknown destinations. The entire area was cordoned off and all blood stains were washed off the streets and they picked up bullets and bomb shells they used on IMN as revealed by the Amnesty International.

Being that they have killed just too many people, running to over a thousand within the 36 hours of operation and there were just too many people with bullet injuries that were summarily killed by the army, they now joined hands together again with governor El-Rufai to hide the casualty figures by burying them in a mass grave far away from the site of the genocide. There too they wanted to hide the incident to the public where the Chief of Army Staff Lt. Gen. Tukur Buratai claimed before the National Human Rights Commission that he killed only seven people and the army also took along that track.

Revelations that included satellite footages released by the Amnesty International forced the Kaduna Governor to reveal that they buried 347 in a mass grave in Mando near Kaduna, about 100 kilometers away from the site of the genocide. This is just one of the mass graves they have revealed.

There wasn’t anything to show that all of those buried were actually dead. This was in total violation of all known law within and outside Nigeria. Despite this violation there was a statement released from the office of Governor El-Rufai claiming that what he did was in accordance with the provisions of the Geneva Convention just to deceive the ignorant public.

They violated the provisions that have to do with identification of those buried, proximity of the mass grave, confirmation of cause of death and those that are actually dead, burial rights in accordance to religion and a mischievous burial in the middle of the night.

Governor El-Rufai went further to spread hate speech on the IMN and its leadership all in order to justify the crimes against humanity they have committed. He claimed that the IMN was an insurgent group without any reference or evidence; he claimed that the IMN as a religious group is not registered and he also declared the IMN as an unlawful society based on laws that are inferior to the Nigerian Constitution all to save his neck from crimes against humanity. This led to mass killings of IMN members by his sect members escorted by Police in Kaduna, Funtua, Kano, Jos and other places. IMN members were attacked and killed and their property destroyed while the state executives looked the other way.

The issues of mass grave, demolition of evidences, hate speeches and misuse of office to deceive the public on his criminal role on humanity are very substantial in getting him prosecuted at The Hague.

There is a study published by the Associated Press on 30 august 2016 in which it was revealed that 72 mass graves have been located in Iraq and Syria which resulted from activities of the American backed ISIS. The estimated number of bodies inside them based on excavation findings and memories of witnesses and survivors ranges from 5200 to 15,000. Majority of those mass graves are located in Iraq.

In Nigeria also there are mass graves that resulted from acts of state terrorism and genocide perpetrated by the Nigerian Buhari regime in Zaria in December 2015. The government was forced to confess illegally mass burying 347 IMN members that were victims of mass genocide it perpetrated. The IMN on the other hand has collected names and profiles of almost nine hundred missing persons since the pogrom.

Under Article 7 of the Rome Statutes, enforced disappearance and extra-judicial killings which may lead to existence of mass graves are unlawful and when perpetrated as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against civilians may constitute a crime against humanity.

Similarly directing attacks at a civilian population or willful killing as perpetrated by President Buhari, General Burutai and Governor El-Rufai within an armed conflict may constitute war crime under Article 8 of the Rome Statutes.

In addition and consistent with most religious and cultural practices, customary, international humanitarian law prohibits the despoliation and mutilation of the dead under Article 8(2) (b)xxi and 8 (2) (c) (ii) of the Rome Statute. Outrages against personal dignity in particular humiliating and degrading treatments are war crimes that can have adverse effects on investigation and identification efforts.

Building on these legal provisions international legal scholars believe that indecent disposal of corpses as done by Governor El-Rufai to IMN members in December 2015 amount to international crime against humanity itself. Hence, the International Criminal Court, ICC, must prosecute Governor El-Rufai for crimes against humanity he perpetrated against IMN.

Abdulmumin Giwa is a human rights activist. 

The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author.

students medical school
Stock Image | Credit | Fotolia

If you are planning to take up a career in medicine, it is very important to get admission in a medical school of repute. There are many different medical schools all over the nation but if you want to grab a seat in your school of choice, you need to make sure that you give them all the reasons to accept you. One of the best ways to make sure that you accomplish this goal is by writing a good personal statement. Here are a few pointers that will help you to write a very good personal essay. If you are still unsure on how to write it, then you can go through some personal statement examples online for reference.

Stay focused

It is very important to stay focused while you are worrying a personal essay. You are required to show that as to why they need to consider you for a seat in their institution. If you are focused on your points, your confidence will come through in your writing. This will help the panelists decide that you are a very good candidate.

Keep it simple, silly

The best personal essays are most often the simplest ones. When you are writing a personal essay, you need to make sure that you show them exactly why you want to be a part of this professional and asto why they should give you a seat. Of you are able to show them the reasons correctly, in a simple manner, you should have no problem in getting through your institute of choice.

Stay on the topic

It is very important to stay on the topic that you are talking about. Many a times it is seen that people tend to stray from the topic and become impersonal. This will affect your chances of getting a seat.

Know your rules

Each university has certain rules that you need to follow. Before you start writing the essay, you need to make sure that you know the rules well so that you do not have to fumble while writing the essay. Not following the rules might also make you ineligible for admission. So make sure you know the rules that you are supposed to follow while writing a personal essay for a medical school.

Find a unique angle

As the name goes, a personal essay need to be unique to you. So it is very important to find that unique angle that you will follow when you are writing the essay. Finding that angle will help you to write a unique essay that will grab the attention of the readers.

Make sure that you do not over your essay. There is a fine line between making it very personal and overdoing the theme of the essay. Find the perfect mix and write what you feel confident about. These tips will help you to pen down some of the most amazing personal statements for the medical school of your choice and secure a seat there!

Ruchi Gupta having 6 years experience working in Content Marketing. She works as a copywriter, SEO & storyteller, specialise in creating and executing organic link building campaigns which increase search engine traffic.

women men exercise shape skipping rope jump rope gym
(c) Big Stock

Your body is the place you live in. You have to take good care of it by being fit and keeping it in shape. However, quite a large chunk of people are not bothered about whether they are fit or not as far as they wake up in the morning and go wherever they want. The only time they are concerned about their body is when they are ill. This is not good. Being fit can ward off heart ailment and other cancerous diseases. But still, you make very minute effort to keep fit.

Here are signs that you are definitely not fit. It may be time to exercise.

It takes forever for your heart rate to slow

Your age determines how quick your heart rate will slow. For a young man, it shouldn’t take several minutes for his heart beat to relax. However, because you are out of shape, your heart’s still pounding for another five minutes. You are not fit.


Caffeine is the only thing that keeps you awake

You have so many things on your plate but you find it difficult to keep awake. Often times, it is the coffee that prevents you from sleeping so that you can perform. When you exercise more, you don’t need to take caffeine anymore to keep awake.

You cannot do pushups

This is perhaps one of the most obvious signs. It is a very reliable way to determine if you are fit or not. Unfortunately, many people fail this test. Some are even lucky if they go beyond 5 pushups. If this is the case, it may be time to hit the gym in any of your favourite hotels in Abuja.

workout exercise calories fitness
You struggle to catch your breath

For example, when you climb the stairs or workout in the morning, and within few minutes you are panting and out of breath, it is a warning sign. You really need to start exercising to regain your fitness.

You are longing for sugar

Most times if you are fit, you would have little or no desire to take sugar because the exercise you engage in gives you natural energy. So, if you are always craving sugar, you should exercise more often.


You are always tired

Tiredness is relative. It doesn’t necessarily mean that whenever you are tired or fatigued, you are not fit. But if you are always or you complain of tiredness daily, there is every possibility that your fitness level is not up to scratch.

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Femi Fani-Kayode

Femi Fani-Kayode, a respected thought-leader in Nigeria, shares an article written by a friend of his detailing the Islamist cabal that “owns Nigeria’. 

Permit me to share a scholarly, revealing and I daresay disturbing intervention which was sent to me by a friend. The author wishes to remain anonymous.

He wrote as follows:

“The disruptive power of the Hausa-Fulani cabal is a structural reality and will only get worse, no matter where the President of Nigeria comes from. It is a seven-fold yoke which we must break for the sake of our children.


Globally, out of the 16 Federal Republics in the world, Nigeria is the only federation where land mass is used as a primary criteria for creating federating units.

NO Southern leader (civilian or military) has ever had the guts to create any federating unit; all the federating units have been created by Northern military adventurers. 20 federating units were created from only one region (North), while 17 federating units were created from 3 regions (East, West and Midwest).

Competent leaders are easily filtered off by the rigged political structure. At every election, the evil and corrupt Northern cabal needs only a few Southern collaborators to impose any presidential candidate upon the two foremost political parties, only for the electorate to formalize one of the candidates with votes.

That’s why Nigeria has been having such mediocre leaders as President, in a country awash with extremely capable presidential materials.

This also explains why since 1960 no Southerner has ever led Nigeria except by accident.

The FIRST coming of ALL 3 Southern leaders – Aguiyi-Ironsi in 1966, Obasanjo in 1976 and Goodluck Jonathan in 2010 – followed the death of Northern incumbents!

The fourth and only other Southern leader was Ernest Shonekan and his coming followed the forced “stepping aside” of a northern Head of State in 1993. He lasted for 3 months after which he was toppled and replaced by another northern military Head of State.

For 2019 the presidential contest is being set for Atiku vs Buhari- two Fulani representatives of the Cabal.


Nigeria is the only oil-producing country where oil wells are allocated to individuals. The Hausa-Fulani cabal allocated over 80% of the oil blocks either to the Northerners or to their Southern fronts/allies. The names of these oil block allottees are in the public domain.


No other faith is mentioned in the Nigerian Constitution, except Islam. For instance, in the 1999 Constitution, Christ, Christians and Christianity are not mentioned even once; whereas Islamic signposts are strewn all over the Constitution – Sharia is mentioned 73 times, Grand Khadi 54 times, Islam 28 times , Muslims 10 times, etc..

That Constitution was written SOLELY by one Muslim Fulani Jihadist named Prof. Auwalu Yadudu (Special Adviser to Abacha on Constitutional Matters).

While the 1979 Constitution emphasized Nigeria’s secularity, the 1999 Constitution of Yadudu is a de facto Islamic Constitution, and the Cabal ensured that Yadudu was there to fight that position at 2014 National Political Conference.

Subsequently, during Obasanjo’s government, the same Northern cabal formally adopted Islam as the State Religion in the core Northern States. Obasanjo refused to even discuss the issue, except to state that it would ‘fizzle out’. He knew fully well that it would not ‘fizzle out’ but was afraid of confronting the cabal.


The Sultanate forms a major pillar of the Hausa-Fulani cabal. As permanent president-general of the Nigerian Supreme Council of Islamic Affairs (NSCIA) the Sultan is the permanent leader of all Muslims in Nigeria (whether they are Northerners or Southerners). As the permanent chairman of National Council of Traditional Rulers of Nigeria (NCTRN) the Sultan is the permanent leader of all traditional rulers in all 36 States of Nigeria & Abuja. By the way, the current Sultan was the brigadier-general Commanding 241 Recce Battalion Kaduna.

Many public policies are determined only with the tacit approval of the Sultanate of Sokoto and the Emirates.

For instance, when the Gender Bill was introduced in the National Assembly, the Sultan ‘killed’ the bill simply by criticizing it publicly.

Even Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (the world’s most revered monarch) would never criticize Parliament publicly, because that would be an abuse of royal privilege.


Nigeria is the only African country that built a new capital from scratch (using resources from the oppressed, deprived and degraded Niger Delta/South East ).

The Cabal claimed that the location of Lagos by the ocean was a security risk, but this was just an excuse to Northernize national public service. A careful look at the map of Africa shows that only 2 nations have central capitals. The most common location for African capitals is at the coast.

London (United Kingdom) is situated at the edge of England on the River Thames. Washington DC (USA) is located along the Potomac River on the East Coast of USA. Paris (France) is located at the edge of France in the north-bending arc of the river Seine.

When Lagos was capital the governors of Lagos State were from East, West and North. Since the capital moved to Abuja, NO Nigerian leader has ever had the guts to appoint a Southerner as substantive FCT Minister. The FCT minister must be a Northerner, preferably a Muslim (the current FCT Minister was appointed while he was executive secretary of the Hajj Commission).


Any Christian leader who questions Nigeria’s membership of the two main international Sharia-driven bodies (OIC & D-8) faces the wrath of the Hausa-Fulani Cabal. So far, only Commodore Ebitu Ukiwe has ever had the guts to seriously question Nigeria’s involvement in these Islamic bodies and as a result Ukiwe was summarily dismissed from office.


Nigeria is the only federation in the world where all MAJOR security agencies are headed by only one section of the federation and only members of one faith.

Army – Northern Muslim. National Security Advisor – Northern Muslim. Minister of Defence – Northern Muslim. Minister of Internal Affairs- Northern Muslim. Airforce – Northern Muslim. Police – Northern Muslim. Economic Financial Crimes Commission- Northern Muslim. National Civil Defence Corps – Northern Muslim. Department of State Security – Northern Muslim. Immigration– Northern Muslim. Prisons Service– Northern Muslim. Federal Road Safety Corps – Northern Muslim. Nigerian Customs Service – Northern Muslim. Chief of Defence Intelligence – Northern Muslim. Director of Military Intelligence – Northern Muslim. Fire Service – Northern Muslim. National Emergency Management Agency – Northern Muslim. Nigerian Ports Authority- Northern Muslim.

No southerner has been made substantive comptroller-general of Customs in 30 years.

Even with all his braggadocio, Olusegun Obasanjo dared not break the jinx in all this years as Nigeria’s president.

Again no southerner has ever been appointed as the chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission since the day it was established in 2003.

Finally the only southerner that was EVER appointed National Security Advisor was killed after he was unceremoniously removed from office by Goodluck Jonathan after the cabal blackmailed and arm-twisted him and told him that if he wanted peace he must appoint a northerner back to that post.

The above multi-faceted enslavement to the Hausa-Fulani Cabal is not an accident. Read the book by Harold Wilson which clearly states how and why the British laid the foundation for the Hausa-Fulani hegemony in Nigeria.

The principle guiding the Cabal was clearly set forth by the cabal’s patron saint, Sir Ahmadu Bello who said to the media:

“The new nation called Nigeria should be an estate of our great grandfather Othman Dan Fodio. We must ruthlessly prevent a change of power. We use the minorities in the north as willing tools and the south as a conquered territory and NEVER ALLOW THEM TO RULE OVER US and NEVER ALLOW THEM TO HAVE CONTROL OVER THEIR OWN FUTURE. – (The Parrot Newspaper, October 12, 1960).

Freedom from the Cabal is NOT about “North versus South”. In fact, the greatest victims of the Northern cabal are the Northern masses themselves. The struggle entails “Northern Cabal versus All of Lovers of Freedom”.

Nigeria is structurally unworkable and MUST EITHER BE RESTRUCTURED OR BROKEN. The Hausa-Fulani cabal will resist this with their blood, but there is no other way out of the enslavement for us and our children. We cannot continue ‘suffering and smiling’ in this un-restructured zoo called Nigeria.

The words of Harriet Tubman are relevant here. She said,

‘I freed a thousand slaves: I could have freed a thousand more if only they knew they were slaves’ “.

The author of this brilliant intervention has given us plenty of food for thought.

He argued the matter in a detailed, succinct and concise manner and he stated the case very well. Though there were one or two omissions, his research is outstanding and his analysis is factual, insightful and incisive. The truth is that he has said it all.

Sadly many in Nigeria do not know that they are slaves to the cabal because they cannot feel the yoke or see their chains.

Yet slaves they are and it is time that we opened their eyes, broke their yokes, cut their chains and freed each and every one of them.

That is precisely why yours truly, and millions of others, insist on restructuring our country or, failing that, dividing her and going our separate ways.

May God deliver us. Happy Easter. (CONCLUDED).

Femi Fani-Kayode is a lawyer, a Nigerian politician, an evangelical christian, an essayist, a poet and he was the Special Assistant (Public Affairs) to President Olusegun Obasanjo from July 2003 until June 2006. He was the minister of culture and tourism of the Federal Republic of Nigeria from June 22nd to Nov 7th 2006 and as the minister of Aviation from Nov 7th 2006 to May 29th 2007. He tweets from@realFFK.

The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author.


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