President Muhammadu Buhari on Wednesday, March 20, 2019, conveyed to the National Assembly his decision to decline assent to five bills.
The President made his decision known to the Senate via five letters which were read during plenary by Senate President Bukola Saraki.
The bills which the President refused to sign into law are the Digital Rights and Freedom Bill, 2018; Nigerian Film Commission Bill, 2018; Immigration Amendment Bill, 2018; Climate Change Bill, 2018; and Chartered Institute of Pension Practitioners of Nigeria Bill, 2018.
In his letters, the President stated the reasons why he declined to assent to the bills in question.
On his reason for declining to assent the Digital Rights and Freedom Bill, 2018, for instance, President Buhari said the bill covers too many technical subjects and “fails to address any of them extensively”.
“These areas include surveillance and digital protection, lawful interception of communication, digital protection and retention etc. Which are currently the subject of various bills pending at national assembly. We therefore suggest that the scope of the bill should be limited to the protection of human right within the digital environment to reduce the challenge of duplication and legislative conflict in the future,” the letter reads further.
He mentioned several reasons he decided not to sign the Nigerian Film Commission bill.
“Section 1 (k) of the bill states that 1% of the proceeds for the television license for the national broadcasting commission shall be paid into a fund to be controlled by the national film commission, it is conflict with section 16 (1) of the national broadcasting commission act which stipulates the purpose for which expenditure to be generated by NBC may be used.
“Section 7 (2) (d) of the bill proposed 5% VAT on all film related activities to the national film development fund violates section 40 of the Valued Added Tax and ensuring formula described there in because it averts funds normally distributed to states of the federation.”
The Immigration Amendment bill was denied assent “due to the concerns expressed to the retroactive effective of the provisions of 38 (5) of the bill and the impact of the section on the ease of doing business initiative of the federal government. There are also concerns that if passed, the bill will be destructive to Nigerians in diaspora if other countries were to reciprocate the provisions of section 38 (5) in their immigration laws.”
The climate change bill was also not signed because “the scope and guiding principle of the bill replicates the function of the federal ministry of environment which is charged with mainstreaming climate responses and actions into government polices but does not suggest the scrapping of the ministry.
“Setting up a council as suggested by Section 2 of the bill is expensive to maintain as it amount to proliferation of government agencies especially when there are existing agencies already performing the proposed functions.
On the Chartered Institute of Pension Practitioners bill, Mr Buhari said he declined assent because ‘the objectives of the Chartered Institute of Pension Practitioners created by the bill are similar to the objectives of the Signified Pension Institute of Nigeria which is already in existence and functional and this will amount to duplication of the functions of a separately constituted institute. Concerns have also been raised in connection with the propriety of the private investigate panel in conducting criminal investigation as suggested by section 8 (1) of the bill.”