If you’re a history fanatic, then chances are you have a favourite era, whether that’s modern, Victorian or maybe even medieval. If you’re a classical historian, then Greece is an absolute must-see. Not only does this legendary country have sensational weather to offer, but also an abundance of impressively-preserved ancient historical sites.
Temple of Hephaestus
This Athenian temple is the best-preserved ancient temple in Greece. It was dedicated to two ancient Greek gods: Hephaestus, the god of fire, metalworking, and stone masonry, and Athena, the goddess of wisdom, courage, crafts, and skill. Archaeologists believe the temple was built around 450 B.C., making it an example of Dorian architecture. The temple was designed by Iktinus, one of the talented architects who also designed the Parthenon. If you’re looking at Greece holidays and are thinking of doing a tour of these historical monuments, then opting for a luxury villa will give you a sample of the Greek lifestyle.
The Parthenon on the Acropolis
The Acropolis will be one of the first things you spot in Athens, as it sits perfectly on the city’s skyline. Made from marble, it was the former site of the state of Athena and is certainly goddess-worthy in appearance. History buffs will know that it is held aloft by Doric columns and these are just some of the features that you walk among while you visit this spectacular monument from Classical History.
Impressively, this infamous building was built in the aftermath of a war, when the Persians were defeated by Greek soldiers in 479 BC. Athens almost became a self-protected state in its own right, as Athenians put themselves first ahead of other Greek citizens. It ended up being known as the Delian League, which protected Greeks from the Persians. The marble for this temple came from around 10 miles away from Athens. It was the most decorated temple in ancient Greece and was designed to impress those who saw it.
This archaeological site is found at the bottom of the northwest slope of the Acropolis. The word ‘agora’ refers to a group of people or a gathering place of sorts. Today, this word means ‘marketplace’ in Greek. The ruins in this archaeological site are flanked by two buildings which act as a visual symbol of its former shape. The mighty Stoa of Attalos, a building from the Hellenistic period, was rebuilt from its remains based on its former appearance.
The National Museum of Archaeology, Athens
If you want to get close-up to the artefacts that are discovered in these ancient ruins and buildings, then a trip to The National Museum of Archaeology is a must. Pottery, jewellery, weapons, and utensils are all located in one of the best archaeology museums in the world. The condition of these ancient items is astounding and well worth getting a look at.
Greece is so saturated in ancient history that you are really spoiled for choice. Be sure to pack a bottle of water if you’re going to spend all day walking around in the heat, and maybe even take some time off your historical discoveries by spending some time by the beach.